Andy Divine drowns in a sea of definite/indefinite pronouns, in the first part of his latest polemic. Political Observer looses patience!


In Andy Divine’s latest essay he puts rhetorical distance between himself as political scribbler, and these political actors: *some, others, many, we, ours, they, one. 

Andy’s political desperation expresses itself in the second part of his essay by resorting to Gore Vidal, Patrick Buchanan’s  A Republic, Not an Empire  and  Cullen Murphy’s Are We Rome?’ But note the publication date of Mr. Murphy’s polemic of 2007!

Tom Holland attempts to answer Andy’s burning question with his essay:

Headline: America Is Not Rome. It Just Thinks It Is

The conviction that Trump is single-handedly tipping the United States into a crisis worthy of the Roman Empire at its most decadent has been a staple of jeremiads ever since his election, but fretting whether it is the fate of the United States in the twenty-first century to ape Rome by subsiding into terminal decay did not begin with his presidency. A year before Trump’s election, the distinguished Harvard political scientist Joseph Nye was already glancing nervously over his shoulder at the vanished empire of the Caesars: “Rome rotted from within when people lost confidence in their culture and institutions, elites battled for control, corruption increased and the economy failed to grow adequately.” Doom-laden prophecies such as these, of decline and fall, are the somber counterpoint to the optimism of the American Dream.

And so they have always been. At various points in American history, various reasons have been advanced to explain why the United States is bound to join the Roman Empire in oblivion. In 1919, in the wake of the Russian Revolution, The New York Times warned that the Huns and the Vandals were massing again. “The Roman Empire and its civilization were destroyed by barbarian hordes coming from the East—and it is from the east that comes the wind.” Thirty years earlier, visiting the abandoned Roman city at Baalbek in Lebanon, Brooks Adams—the great-grandson of John Adams—had been inspired by the spectacle of shattered greatness to dread that his own country’s gilded age was bound to end in similar ruin. In the decades before the Civil War, opponents of slavery repeatedly cited the fall of Rome as a warning of what might happen to a slave-owning society. In the 1830s, opponents of Andrew Jackson cast him as a dictator and a demagogue whose tyranny would inevitably bring the infant republic to share in the fate of the ancient empire. Present anxieties that Trump’s presidency portends America’s decline and fall are the contemporary expression of a tradition quite as venerable as the United States itself.

The links provided by Holland are revelatory!  Andy’s essay is defined by an unslakable verbosity. My patience…

Political Observer


Added August 11, 2019 8:27 AM PDT

*Here are some examples of Mr. Divine’s use of definite/indefinite pronouns that constitutes the dramatis personae of the first part of essay, with a bit more context : this strategy allows Andy to  frame these comments outside Andy’s personal agency, and places these thoughts, beliefs within the realm of nebulous others. Or that places these thought as products of a another rhetorical phantom of ‘we’.  

Upon his election, some panicked, Others saw merely, Many contended ,  so we cast around, we now have a solid record,  like ours,  It practiced, It became,its territory, It won

Political Observer




About stephenkmacksd

Rootless cosmopolitan,down at heels intellectual;would be writer. 'Polemic is a discourse of conflict, whose effect depends on a delicate balance between the requirements of truth and the enticements of anger, the duty to argue and the zest to inflame. Its rhetoric allows, even enforces, a certain figurative licence. Like epitaphs in Johnson’s adage, it is not under oath.'
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